Sweet crises, abdominal pains, pains and tension … It is among the situations that almost many women experience during their period. So what do we know about menstruation? Op. Dr. With some information, Müzeyyen Almora Güleryüz reveals the mysteries that occur in our minds about the period of menstruation for us.
What is menstruation?
It is the process of expelling blood and other materials (through the vagina) from the inner surface of the uterus with the effect of hormones at intervals of about one month.
When does my period start and when does it end?
The first period occurs after the onset of puberty and is called menarche. The average age of menarche is 12 to 15 years old. The medical definition of menopause is the period when a woman does not have her period for a full year and is no longer fertile. It takes place between 45 and 55 on average.
What causes menstrual pain?
Many women experience painful cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea, during menstruation. Painful menstrual cramps caused by excessive prostaglandin release (lipid components derived from fatty acids) are referred to as primary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea usually begins within a year or two, typically with the onset of ovulation cycles in adolescents. Secondary dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation that occurs later) is a secondary cause of another disease. Conditions that cause secondary dysmenorrhea include endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and uterine adenomyosis. Rarely, congenital malformations, intrauterine devices, some cancers and pelvic infections also cause secondary dysmenorrhea.
What are the menstrual symptoms? How many days does my period take?
About 80% of women report that they have some premenstrual symptoms. Common symptoms include acne, tender breasts, abdominal distension, fatigue, irritability, and mood swings. These can interfere with normal life in 20 to 30% of women, so they can be characterized as premenstrual syndrome. Symptoms are more severe between 3% and 8%. In addition to the onset of bleeding, other symptoms include headache, acne, bloating, lower abdominal pain, fatigue, mood changes, food cravings, chest pain and diarrhea. The first day of menstrual bleeding is the date of the beginning of the last period. The typical time between the first day of a menstrual period and the first day after is 21 to 45 days in teenage girls and 21 to 31 days in adults. Average length is 28 days.
How many days is menstrual delay normal?
The typical time between the first day of a menstruation and the first day after is 21 to 45 days in young women. Delays of more than 45 days should be investigated.
Is excessive bleeding normal?
During the monthly menstrual period, the average volume of menstrual fluid is 35 to 80 milliliters (1-6 tablespoons of menstrual fluid). Menstrual fluid is reddish brown, slightly darker than blood. About half of the menstrual fluid is blood. This blood contains sodium, calcium, phosphate, iron and chloride, and their degree depends on the woman. Fluid consists of cervical mucus, vaginal secretions and endometrial tissue as well as blood The amount of iron lost in menstrual fluid is relatively small for most women. If menstrual bleeding is intense and prolonged to be iron deficient, it is not normal and should be investigated
What should be considered in the selection of pads?
- It should have high absorbency
- Must be able to breathe
- It must be anti-allergic
- Should not disturb the vaginal flora and acidity balance
- Should not leave a feeling of wetness
- The wings should provide extra protection against infiltration
- Shouldn’t smell
- Thickness should not be evident. Body shape should be in contour
What is good for menstrual pain?
Treatments targeting the pain mechanism include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic (NSAIDs) and hormonal contraceptives. NSAIDs inhibit prostaglandin production. With long-term treatment, hormonal birth control reduces the amount of uterine fluid / tissue that is expelled from the uterus. This results in shorter, less painful menstrual bleeding. Regular physical activity can limit the severity of uterine cramps.
Is severe menstrual pain a sign of illness?
It may be a sign of illness. These conditions include endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and uterine adenomyosis. Rarely, congenital malformations, intrauterine devices, some cancers and pelvic infections cause secondary dysmenorrhea.
What should we do if menstrual pain does not go away?
Women should be evaluated for an illness if pain occurs between menstrual periods, lasts longer than the first few days of the period, or does not provide adequate relief from the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or hormonal contraceptives.
ARTICLE: Kiss. Dr. Müzeyyen Almora Güleryüz